Image via WikipediaTheFDA has recently received a number of inquiries from consumers and salon professionals concerning the safety of “Brazilian Blowout” and similar “professional use only” hair care products. The following information is intended to answer questions people may have on this subject.
Has FDA received reports of problems related to these products?
FDA has been notified by some state and local organizations of reports from salons about problems associated with the use of Brazilian Blowout, a product used to straighten hair. Complaints include eye irritation, breathing problems, and headaches. State and local organizations with authority over the operation of salons are currently investigating these reports. FDA has recently received some adverse event reports on
Brazilian Blowout from salon personnel or consumers. These reports included symptoms similar to those in the reports received by state and local organizations, as well as symptoms such as rashes and fainting.
What is FDA’s role in regulating these products?
Although FDA does not have authority over the operation of salons, we do have certain authority over hair straighteners and similar cosmetic products. To learn more, please see "FDA Authority Over Cosmetics."
Who regulates salon safety?
Workplace safety in general, including air quality issues, is regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Salons are generally subject to state and local authorities as well, which may specify safety practices such as assuring proper ventilation.
What is FDA doing?
FDA is working with state and local organizations, as well as OSHA, to determine whether the products or ingredients would be likely to cause health problems under the intended conditions of use. The composition of the products and the labeling, including use instructions and any warning statements, will be factors in this determination. One safety issue we’ll be evaluating is whether formaldehyde may be released into the air after the product is applied to the hair and heated.